San Francisco Population

San Francisco Population

Before the Gold Rush of 1848, San Francisco was little more than a back water trading post with a population under 1000. Within two years, 25,000 people called the city home and by the turn of the century, San Francisco residents totaled over 300,000. In 2009, that number reached 845,559 with 17,000 people per square mile. (The nine Bay Area counties’ population is 7.4 million.) Now San Francisco ranks 12th in population among American cities and is the 4th most populated city in California. (The San Francisco is also the only city in California to have its city and county consolidated.)

After Mexico ceded California to the United States, San Francisco’s ethnic makeup was predominantly white, mostly Irish and Italian. Minorities were comprised of Asians, Latinos and African Americans. By the 2000 census, 43% of the population was white, 30% Asian, 14% Hispanic, and 7% African American making San Francisco a minority-majority city, where non-Hispanic whites equal less than half of the population.

In the American Community Survey of 2005, San Francisco had the highest percentage of gay and lesbians in the United States with 15.4 % of the population and the highest number of same-sex households of any American country.

There are more than 12,000 homeless in the city, giving San Francisco the highest number of homeless per capita of any major American city. The individual poverty rate is 11.8% with 7.4% of families living at the poverty level. Even with a high number of homeless and those living at poverty levels, San Francisco is still third in median household income and 8th worldwide in the number of billionaires. Median family income is remarkably high at $81,136.

San Francisco is the first city in the United States to offer universal health care but it also has the lowest population of children of any U.S. city (14.5%.)

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